Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria (2024 Complete Guide)

How to be a successful poultry farmer
How to be a successful poultry farmer - Afrokonnect

Welcome to this post about Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria, it is one of the most lucrative businesses you can start today. In this article we’ll guide you through the Advantages, Challenges and how to start a successful poultry farm.

Sustainable income production and economic empowerment can be achieved through poultry farming, which offers numerous advantages such as minimal beginning costs, high return on investment, and the ability to meet the demands of different markets.

Poultry farming provides prospects for job creation, skill development, and rural empowerment, thus the advantages go beyond just financial rewards. Looking ahead, the poultry industry’s continuous expansion could help solve important social problems while also encouraging sustainable and innovative farming methods.

Nigeria’s poultry industry is worth over N2.1 trillion, Nigeria’s egg production is the largest in Africa followed by South Africa. Before we begin i’ll like to answer a few questions;

What is Poultry Farming

Poultry Farming is the act of raising Domesticated birds like “chicken, Ducks, Turkey” etc for the purpose of consuming their eggs, meat or selling.

Advantages and Benefits of Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria

Before you venture into this business it is vital that you know what you stand to gain and the benefits of poultry farming;

1. Poultry Farm Animals lay lots of eggs

An average layer produces at least one egg In the space of two days. Imagine you have a farm with 2000 matured layers ready to produce eggs, you should be getting at least 1800-2000 eggs every two days. With the cost of an egg now over N100, assuming you choose to sell at the rate of N80-N100 per egg that would give you around N144,000 – N200,000.

2. The price for matured poultry products are very high

One good thing about poultry farming is that there is always an available market. With the average price for a mature chicken ranging from N4,500 – N5,000 (even higher during the festive period). Take for instance you have 150 matured birds ready for sale, that would give you an estimated sum of between N675,000 – N750,000 and that is a lot of money in Nigeria.

3. Meat is very important

Nigeria is country with over 180 million people, there is a daily demand for thousands of poultry products everyday.  Restaurants also need meat to serve the food of customers. Turkey and chicken the most sought-For after beef. Even doctors advise people above 50 to stay away from red meat and increase white meat intake (chicken and turkey).

4. These poultry farm animals grow fast

It only takes around 21 – 24 weeks for an average chicken to be fully grown and ready for sale. Compared to other farm animals that is an exponential growth. The chickens hatch In about 21 days and even in lesser days if incubators are used.

With this calculation you would be having at least a new chick every two to three weeks. Now assume you have 1000 mature birds ready to hatch, that would give you a grand total of 3000 poultry birds (including both the newly hatched and the existing birds) in the space of one month i.e 3x your existing birds In one month.

How to be a successful poultry farmer in Nigeria 

Poultry Farming Business in Nigeria
How to be a successful poultry farmer – Afrokonnect

Now that we have an idea of what poultry farming entails how lucrative it can be, is time to see how to start a successful poultry farm. SEE ALSO – 15 Small town business ideas – What every small town needs

How to start Poultry Farming In Nigeria 

Starting a poultry farm in Nigeria might seems easy, One would say all you need do is buy them, feed them and sell them when they are mature. However, without an adequate knowledge on poultry farming, you might end up killing the birds.

Yes, unintentionally, losing all of your capital investment before harvesting. To be a successful poultry farmer you need detailed knowledge and proper study about poultry farming in Nigeria. Below is guide and steps on how to start a successful poultry farm and how lucrative it can be;

Step 1 – Choosing The Type Of Poultry Bird To Rear

This is the first step you need to take, It is important to have a clear picture of what type of poultry breeds you want to farm.

Types of Poultry Farming 

Poultry farming is of different types such as duck rearing, rearing chicken, quails, turkey, emu, broiler, etc. However, the principles and practices underlying are almost or practically the same.

As mentioned earlier, poultry farming entails both egg production and chicken farming. Either you want to rare Broiler or layers, aside from locally grown chickens, there are two major breeds that are common among poultry farmers.

Broilers: Young males and Females raised for meat, They grow from a hatch weight of 40 g to a weight of approximately 1.5 to 2 kg within 6 weeks only.

Layers: Hens used for commercial egg production and then killed for meat. They start laying eggs at the age of 18-19 weeks and continue until they are 72-78 weeks of age.

Cockerels: Cockerels can survive in many environments and Just like the broilers, cockerels are also for meat production though its growth is very slow.

Step 2 –  Location/Site

Where your poultry farm is situated is very important for your business. Don’t put them in a congested place, The size of your farmland should correspond with the number you’re putting.

You can start with what you have like your backyard but make it a priority to get a better farm as soon as you can afford it. It should be calm and pollution free environment. The farm must have adequate, clean and fresh drinking water sources nearby.

Also, the site must be free of poultry enemies and predators like foxes and leopards. The site must be easily accessible from main roads so as to ease the transportation of farm products when they are ready for sale.

Your farmland must be situated adequately to prevent the risk of flooding. It should be spacious enough to permit free movement and running of the birds. In addition, the shelter must be adequately ventilated and protected from sunlight.

Step 3 – Feeding and Medication 

This is another important step you must take to keep the birds healthy so that they can grow fast. Highly nutritious food is a must, Quality and neat feeds is required to keep them very productive.

Proper medication and vaccination can prevent many poultry diseases. Contaminated feed can infect poultry which may lead to casualties. Fresh quality and nutritious food is the key to success in poultry farming business, Your birds need not lack water. You need to have a veterinary doctor that can come run a check on your birds regularly.

Step 4 – Marketing and Sales of THE POULTRY Birds

You don’t want your effort to go down the drain, every poultry farmer wants to make good sales after every harvest. So you need to pay attention to the marketing and sales aspect of your business.

Do not be caught up in the operational aspect of your business so much that you ignore the sales aspect. Nevertheless, the following ideas can help you in the marketing and sales of your chicken; taking your business online, selling to hotels and restaurants, advertising your products, employing marketers, home delivery, etc.

Poultry farming in Nigeria for Beginners 


What is the Cost of Starting A Poultry Farming Business?

Though the the start up cost for a poultry farm is relative, by contrast, a small-scale poultry business has a low start-up cost and rapid returns. You can begin with as little as N100,000 (which basically to covers the cost of buying the day-old chicks and feeding them) and get a 100% return on your capital investment within six months.

And because chicks take only 21 days to hatch, you can start generating an income just three weeks after starting. Very few businesses can provide such a quick turnaround.

Poultry farming of chicken

Amongst all kinds of poultry farming “chickens, turkeys, geese, and ducks”,  chicken is the most common one. Farmers get a great number of chickens regularly either the egg for food, farming meat or selling.

What are the equipment for poultry farming?

There are several types of poultry equipment available to farmers for successful poultry farming. Proper management, care, and sufficient poultry equipment are necessary for the successful production of poultry.

On Afrimash, you will find essential poultry equipment including poultry water equipment like nipple drinkers and other poultry drinkers and feeders; Poultry housing equipment like battery cages; poultry egg hatching equipment like incubators and so on. SEE ALSO – Online Jobs in Nigeria you can start from Home.

Conclusion about Poultry Farming Business | Advantages & How to start in Nigeria

As we come to a close on our investigation into chicken farming as a potential profitable enterprise in Nigeria, it becomes clear that this sector offers ambitious businesspeople a host of benefits.

Starting a poultry farm, as we’ve already established, calls for research into the industry’s best practices in animal husbandry and management, as well as meticulous preparation and implementation. Aspiring poultry farmers in Nigeria can negotiate the complexity of the industry and construct thriving operations that contribute to food security and economic growth by following the described procedures and making the most of available resources.

Those in Nigeria who are thinking about getting into the poultry farming industry should be prepared for a long haul, but the potential payoff is enormous. Anyone can start a prosperous and successful poultry farming business in Nigeria by taking use of the industry’s natural strengths and using a strategic approach to entrepreneurship. We Hope you learned Something from this article, if you enjoyed it please Don’t forget to share and leave a comment.



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